From Cultural Lens to Worldview: How Our Background Shapes Our Perception


Our perception of the world is influenced by various factors, and one of the most significant ones is our cultural background. Culture encompasses the beliefs, values, norms, customs, and traditions that shape the way we view and interpret the world around us. This article explores how our cultural lens molds our worldview, impacting our understanding, interactions, and experiences with others.

The Influence of Cultural Lens

Our cultural lens serves as a filter through which we perceive and interpret the world. It influences our thoughts, actions, and behaviors, shaping our understanding and response to various situations. This lens is developed through the socialization process, starting from childhood, and is constantly evolving as we encounter new experiences and encounters with different cultures.

1. Perceptual Filters

Our cultural lens acts as a perceptual filter, selectively shaping our attention and focus. It determines what information we notice, what we choose to ignore, and how we interpret the information we receive. For example, individuals from collectivist cultures may prioritize group harmony and interdependence, whereas those from individualistic cultures might value personal achievement and autonomy.

2. Language and Communication

Language is an essential component of culture, and it significantly influences our perception of the world. Different languages have unique structures and vocabularies that reflect cultural values and concepts. For instance, the Eskimos have many words for different types of snow, highlighting its significance in their daily lives and environment. Language also shapes our communication style, nonverbal cues, and gestures, which can be misinterpreted across cultures.

3. Cultural Norms and Values

Cultural norms and values provide a framework for our behaviors and social interactions. They define what is considered acceptable, appropriate, or taboo in a given culture. These norms and values guide our decision-making processes and influence our perception of right and wrong. For instance, in some cultures, punctuality is highly valued, while in others, a more relaxed approach to time is accepted.

Worldview and Cultural Background

Our cultural background shapes our worldview, which is a broader framework of beliefs, attitudes, and values that underpin our perception of reality. It encompasses our cultural lens but extends beyond it to include our personal experiences, education, and exposure to different perspectives.

1. Cultural Relativism

Cultural relativism is the understanding and acceptance that different cultures have their own unique values, beliefs, and practices. It recognizes that there is no absolute standard for evaluating cultures and that judgments should be made within the context of the culture being examined. Our cultural background influences our ability to adopt a culturally relativistic perspective, as we tend to view the world through the lens of our own culture.

2. Stereotypes and Prejudices

Our cultural background can also lead to the development of stereotypes and prejudices. Stereotypes are generalizations or assumptions about a particular group of people, often based on limited information or personal biases. Prejudices are preconceived opinions or attitudes formed without sufficient knowledge or rational justification. These biases can impede our ability to understand and appreciate different cultures, perpetuating misunderstandings and conflicts.

3. Cultural Intelligence

Cultural intelligence refers to our ability to adapt and interact effectively in diverse cultural contexts. It involves being aware of our own cultural biases and understanding the perspectives of others. Developing cultural intelligence requires open-mindedness, empathy, and a willingness to challenge our own assumptions. Through cross-cultural experiences and learning, we can broaden our worldview and enhance our cultural intelligence.


Q: How does our cultural background affect our perception of beauty?

A: Our cultural background significantly influences our perception of beauty. Different cultures have diverse standards of beauty, which may be reflected in physical appearance, fashion, art, or even body modifications. For example, some cultures consider curvier body types as attractive, while others may value a slimmer physique.

Q: Can our cultural background limit our understanding of other cultures?

A: Yes, our cultural background can limit our understanding of other cultures. It is natural to interpret and evaluate other cultures based on our own cultural norms and values. This ethnocentric perspective can hinder our ability to truly appreciate and comprehend different cultural practices, beliefs, and worldviews.

Q: Can we overcome the influence of our cultural lens?

A: While our cultural lens will always have some influence on our perception, it is possible to develop a more open and inclusive worldview. By actively seeking out diverse experiences, engaging in intercultural dialogue, and challenging our own assumptions, we can broaden our perspectives and become more culturally sensitive and accepting.

Q: How can cultural diversity positively impact our society?

A: Cultural diversity brings numerous benefits to society. It fosters creativity, innovation, and problem-solving by incorporating a wide range of perspectives and approaches. It promotes tolerance, empathy, and mutual understanding, reducing the likelihood of conflicts based on cultural differences. Embracing cultural diversity allows for a richer and more inclusive society that celebrates and values all its members.


Our cultural background plays a fundamental role in shaping our perception of the world. It acts as a lens through which we interpret information, communicate, and make judgments. Recognizing the influence of our cultural lens and expanding our worldview through cultural intelligence is essential for fostering intercultural understanding, empathy, and harmony in our increasingly diverse global society.